Pipe friction head loss calculation Pipe friction head loss calculation is important for sizing pumps, several equations have been developed to calculate pipe friction head loss, this article will explore the popular methods available.

# General

## Difference between Fanning friction factor and Darcy friction factor

What is the Difference between Fanning friction factor and Darcy friction factor? Fanning friction factor The Fanning friction factor is defined as follows: ff = fd /4 Where; ff =Fanning friction factor fd =Darcy friction factor Darcy friction factor The Darcy friction factor is defined as follows: fd = 4 […]

## Hazen-Williams equation

Hazen-Williams equation is a popular approach for the calculation of head loss of liquid in piping systems. In this method, Hazen-Williams coefficient is introduced to the equation, the coefficient eliminates the need for using Reynolds number. The Hazen-Williams coefficient is mainly used to account for the pipe roughness or efficiency.

## Common Causes of Overpressure

Common causes of overpressure below is a list of Common causes of overpressure in process operation. Utility failures, including: General power failure Partial power failure Loss of instrument air Loss of cooling water Loss of steam Loss of fuel gas or fuel oil. Loss of cooling duty, caused by: Loss of […]

## Compressors a general guideline

Compressors a general guideline This short article discusses some general guidelines for industrial compressors. The purpose of this article is to provide a quick summary of findings for general understanding. It is assumed that you have a general understanding of industrial compressors.

## What is Heat Transfer

What is Heat Transfer? Heat is transferred from one object to another in three possible ways, Conduction, Convection and Radiation.

## How to Calculate the Log Mean Temperature Difference

How to Calculate the Log Mean Temperature Difference (LMTD) This short article aims to show you how to calculate the LMTD for Counter current flow and Co-current flow also called (Parallel flow). The calculation has been referenced by many text books. You can also download the free calculator attached with […]